About 30km northeast of Hakodate, Minamikayabe (南茅部) is home of the Jomon-era (縄文時代: 2000 to 9000 years ago) culture and archaeological finds in Southern Hokkaido. As the town is famous for its high-quality konbu (seaweed).
Hakodate Jomon Culture Center
(函館市縄文文化交流センター) This museum is in the Michi-no-eki Jomon Roman Minamikayabe (道の駅縄文ロマン南かやべ) on Route 278 bypass, displaying Hokkaido’s only national treasure ‘Clay Figure’ (41.5cm) and local excavated items. It is a 15-minute walk from the Usujiri Shogakko-mae (臼尻小学校前) bus stop.
More info www.hjcc.jp
Ofune Archaeological Site
(大船遺跡) Ofune was one of Southern Hokkaido’s hub settlement sites during the mid Jomon-era on a coastal terrace. It has been discovered more than 100 pit dwellings and 200,000 archaeological finds. There is a small exhibition hall. It is several hundred meters up from Route 278 and it is best if you have your own wheel.
There are local buses from Hakodate to Minamikayabe (6 daily; 73min) and continue to Shikabe Kanketsusen Park (しかべ間欠泉公園: 40min) via Usujiri Shogakko-mae and Ofune.