About 30km northeast of Hakodate, Minamikayabe (南茅部) is home of the Jomon-era (縄文時代: 2000 to 9000 years ago) culture and archaeological finds in Southern Hokkaido. As the town is famous for its high-quality konbu (seaweed).
Points of interests in Minamikayabe
There are local buses from Hakodate to Minamikayabe (6 daily; 73min) and continue to Shikabe Kanketsusen Park (しかべ間欠泉公園: 40min) via Usujiri Shogakko-mae and Ofune.
Hakodate Jomon Culture Center
(函館市縄文文化交流センター) This museum is in the Michi-no-eki Jomon Roman Minamikayabe (道の駅縄文ロマン南かやべ) on Route 278 bypass, displaying Hokkaido’s only national treasure ‘Clay Figure’ (41.5cm) and local excavated items. It is a 15-minute walk from the Usujiri Shogakko-mae (臼尻小学校前) bus stop.
More info www.hjcc.jp
Ofune Archaeological Site
(大船遺跡) Ofune was one of Southern Hokkaido’s hub settlement sites during the mid Jomon-era on a coastal terrace. It has been discovered more than 100 pit dwellings and 200,000 archaeological finds. There is a small exhibition hall. It is several hundred meters up from Route 278 and it is best if you have your own wheel.